Flowery Branch, Georgia, is facing tremendous growth as suburban Atlanta continues to sprawl. The community’s water and wastewater systems must prepare to support new residents and businesses while keeping costs in check.
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Choosing the most effective controller requires careful evaluation of multiple requirements
Worldwide, there are thousands of dry bulk solid materials being handled – all with vast differences in material characteristics. Many materials also possess abrasive characteristics of varying complexities. In order to prolong the useful life and superior functionality of Vortex components, it is of utmost importance to equip slide gates, diverters, and loading spouts with application-specific features to ensure their success when handling abrasive materials.
The Physics: Conveying Abrasive Materials
Whether it be a gravity flow, dense, or dilute phase pneumatic conveying application, the physics of dry bulk material movement will have dramatic impact on the degree of wear a system is subjected to. For this reason, it is necessary to assess what system areas are more susceptible to material impact and carefully design the system to protect these areas from rapid wear.
Generally speaking, a manufacturing process will likely realize its highest degree of wear in areas where material flow pattern or air pressure are subjected to dramatic change or disruption. This includes elbows in system ductwork, directional changes from diverting or converging, sudden halt in material flow, aspiration of displaced air, and many other variables in system design.
Depending on application parameters, several techniques can be utilized to protect a system from rapid wear and abrasion.
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Today, ion beam etching is the most widely used method for preparing samples for electron microscopy. In this process, the sample material is bombarded with a high-energy argon-ion beam. The ion energy and the milling angle depend on the corresponding application.
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